Garcinia atroviridis – A review on phytochemicals and pharmacological properties
Zakaria, Zainul Amiruddin
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Garcinia atroviridis or commonly named as ‘Asam Gelugur’ among locals is extensively used as flavouring agent to provide sour sensation. Apart from flavouring agent, G. atroviridisis also used in many ways to promote health traditionally. Lab-based investigations of the plant reported many interesting potential of anti-oxidant, anti-microbial, anti-fungal, anti-obesity and lipid metabolism, cytotoxicity, anti-inflammatory, anti-malarial and anti-nicotine stress activities of G. atroviridis. This article discusses the G. atroviridis plant in aspect of its chemical constituents and bioactivities; in vitro and in vivo as well the clinical test made on this plant despite the limited data available. It is also an effort to update G. atroviridis data on its phytochemical and pharmacological data of the plant in the recent 15 years.