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dc.contributor.authorÖnsüz, Muhammed Fatih
dc.contributor.authorTopuzoğlu, Ahmet
dc.contributor.authorAlgan, Alper
dc.contributor.authorSoydemir, Efe
dc.contributor.authorAslan, İlter
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-07T09:53:57Z
dc.date.available2014-08-07T09:53:57Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.issn1309-9469
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11424/2180
dc.description.abstractObjective: Smoking is one of the most important public health problems in both the world and our country. The aim of this study is to evaluate the relationship between perception of tobacco packaging warning messages and the nicotine addiction levels of smokers who apply to Marmara University, School of Medicine Hospital. Method: This descriptive study was carried out among 102 patients in August 2007. The data was collected by a questionnaire including the Fagerström Nicotine Dependence Test. The data was evaluated by the SPPS 11.0 program. Descriptive statistics, the chi-square test and Fischer exact test were used in the analysis of the data. Results: Sixty point eight percent of the participants were men. 79.4% of the participants were affected by the warning messages on the tobacco packaging. According to the Fagerström Nicotine Dependence Test 48.0% of the participants were determined as low level, 38.2% of them were determined as middle level and 13.7% of them were determined as high level nicotine dependence. There were statistically significant differences between the nicotine dependence level and the education level, income level and having a health problem from smoking (p<0.05). Conclusion: We found low rates of high level nicotine dependence among smokers. Smokers were affected by tobacco packaging warning messages but this was not related to their addiction levels.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherMarmara Medical Journalen_US
dc.subjectSmoking, nicotine addiction, warning messages, Fagerström Nicotine Dependence Testen_US
dc.titleEvaluation of the relationship between perception of tobacco packaging warning messages and the nicotine addiction levels of smokersen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US


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