Fractal analysis and the urban morphology of a city in a developing country: a case study of İstanbul (Gelişmekte olan bir ülkedeki bir şehrin kent morfolojisi ve fractal analizi: örnek alan çalışması olarak İstanbul)
Mcadams, Michael A.
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Cities are complex entities which are the result of social, economic, and technological agents and the physical environment. Understanding the elements influencing the development of cities can assist in understanding not only their historical, but also their future development. The use of fractal analysis is proving to be an innovative technique to study urban morphology and urban form/structure. In this paper, the fractal analysis is applied to Istanbul, as an example of a city in middle income developing country. This study found that the fractal dimension measurements of Istanbul indicate that its overall or global urban structure is similar to major cities in Europe and the United States, such as New York and London. However, the intensity of the development (or fractal dimension) in Istanbul is higher than comparable cities in developed regions, which may be indicative of other urbanized areas in developing countries. The addition of the lacunarity measurement (the measurement of a fractal’s texture) would seem to give greater clarity when examining urban fractals. Overall, it appears that due to the globalization of technology that urban structure is making urban structure increasingly similar regardless of the political, cultural or economic climate.