Outcomes of platinum-sensitive small-cell lung cancer patients treated with platinum/etoposide rechallenge: A multi-institutional retrospective analysis
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Introduction Patients with small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) that progresses after first-line (FL) chemotherapy have a poor prognosis and second-line (SL) chemotherapy has limited efficacy. Patients whose disease relapses/progresses > 90 days after FL platinum-based treatment are considered platinum-sensitive and could be rechallenged with a similar regimen. We conducted a multicenter retrospective analysis to evaluate outcomes of SCLC patients rechallenged with platinum/etoposide. Patients and Methods Records of all SCLC patients treated in 7 institutions between January 2007 and December 2011 were reviewed. The primary end point was overall survival from the time of rechallenge (OS-R); secondary end points were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival from the time of diagnosis (OS-D). Survival curves were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results Of the 2000 SCLC patients identified, 112 (5.6%) had sensitive disease treated with rechallenge platinum/etoposide; 65% were men with a median age of 64 years. At the time of diagnosis, 44% of patients had limited disease, 82% had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 to 1. A median of 4 cycles of rechallenge was administered. Tumor response was 3% for complete response and 42% for partial response, 19% of patients maintained stable disease, 27% progressive disease, and 9% were not evaluable. Median PFS from the time of rechallenge was 5.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.4-6.3). Median OS-R and OS-D were 7.9 months (95% CI, 6.9-9.7) and 21.4 months (95% CI, 19.8-24.1), respectively. Subgroup analysis according to relapse-free interval (90-119 vs. 120-149 vs. > 150 days) did not show any statistically significant difference in PFS or OS-R. Conclusion The outcome for SL chemotherapy for SCLC is poor. Rechallenge platinum/etoposide is a reasonable option with potentially better outcomes than standard chemotherapy. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.